Continuing with our exploration of the Polish numerals. Today, we’re looking at numbers 11 to 20.
Here is how to spell them:
The most important thing to remember is that the Polish ‘teens’ always end in ‘-naście.‘
Eleven to thirteen and seventeen/eighteen are created by adding –naście to either one, two, three, seven or eight. So from jeden we get jedenaście. Dwa becomes dwanaście and trzy becomes trzynaście. Siedem gives us siedemnaście and osiem – osiemnaście.
The remaining numerals up to and including nineteen are created in the same way, but the resulting word has one or two letters modified.
Here’s how to pronounce them:
By the way, a teen or a teenager in Polish is called ‘nastolatek‘:
Here is the first part of this series on Polish numbers, covering zero to ten.